At DVT we run regular online events that are focused on the latest technology trends within the IT industry and we invite guest speakers to share their knowledge and insights on various topics. The DVT Insights Events aim to enlighten you, educate you and often, provide a new view on a burning issue within the technology space.

What is UX Design / User Experience Design?
Niki de Bruyn
UX Designer

What is UX Design / User Experience Design?

Tuesday, 12 June 2018 22:51

Photo credit: Photo by William Iven on Unsplash

Everyone knows that digital is the way to go but how do you get there? What is UX design? How do you beat the rest and do it well and fast? You may have heard of terms such as 'design lead', 'user experience' and 'Human-Centred Design'. In this article, I'll unpack the minefield that is product development and share my experience as a UX designer.

So let’s set the scene: Industries are scrambling to make the next big tech breakthrough. You may be hearing phrases like “We need to get this out quickly"; "I want all these cool features that I know everyone will love." and "Can you do it at a low cost?”. The pressure is on!

As a UX designer, I can’t complain because that’s what has made our UX design skills so necessary and in demand; however, it can get tough to navigate. Sound familiar? So how do we as engineers, designers and product owners deal with budgets, crazy deadlines, scepticism, delivering at scale and getting business to buy-in? How do we create user interfaces that make a user fall in love with our products or service when the clock is ticking? What is the UX designer's role in ensuring the design of the products meet user needs and provide an intuitive user experience across various platforms?

By being in many product teams over the years I have found a few tricks that could help make the road a little easier. I will start off by explaining what UX design is and how the UX design process fits into the development cycle. Learn more about UX design to improve your skills as a design professional and understand the principles behind creating good UX design that prioritises user experience and engagement.

What Do Ux Designers Do?

UX designers want to know the type of environment a user will use their product in and how they feel while using it? Do they hate or love anything about doing this task? What would make their lives easier? This is the basis for human-centred interaction design and visual design thinking process.

UX designers use the people we are solving the problem for to help us solve the problem. It's a simple concept, but it does have its challenges.

The Difference Between UX Design and Graphic Design

The differences between UX and graphic design extend to their daily tasks, responsibilities, and tools. Graphic designers collaborate with clients and create visual content using illustration tools and photo editing software. On the other hand, UX designers use a range of ux design tools to conduct user research, design wireframes and prototypes, and collaborate with various stakeholders to ensure the product meets user needs effectively. Transitioning from graphic design to UX design involves building on existing visual design skills and learning new aspects of UX, such as user research, information architecture, and iterative design processes. By expanding their skill set, graphic designers can capitalise on the growing demand for UX professionals and enhance their career prospects in the design industry.

How Do We Implement User Experience Design Thinking Into Our Projects?

Issues such as time, budget and product impact come into play. Clients shy away from extensive testing and research as they can become expensive and time-consuming. They would rather build the feature and then get their feedback on the overall user experience. The problem with this is that often, we never get a chance to go back and fix these issues as there are always new features to build. Why should they pay more money to rebuild something? I have encountered this more often than not. How do we deal with these inhibitors and still include User Testing or User Research into the mix? This does not have to cost a fortune, and it doesn’t require a UX design team.

However, that said, if you do have the time and money, then it is always best to do extensive research and testing. It will make your product! If not, then you need to be “scrappy and crafty”, like me. It’s better than nothing. I am not saying that I do it according to the rules every time, but I have found ways to do my best with what I have. Do what you can, but do something.

There are two methods that I use in a crunch: Guerrilla Testing or by finding a Sponsor User.

* Handy tip: If you test with 5 users you will discover 80% of your usability issues. Don’t believe me? Read it from the father of UX himself.

Guerilla Testing

This can be done for products or software where users are readily found. For example, if you are creating an online shop, potential users will be easy to find. Go to a coffee shop with R400 in your pocket, put a sign on the back of your laptop (like the one below), and ask someone to join you for a few minutes. As thanks, you can reward them with their favourite coffee.

A Sponsor User:

This works in all situations and is an excellent method when your software is specific to an industry, or your users aren’t the average folk on the street, for example, software for mining engineers. It is a good idea to interview a few of these users initially to discover their pain points when completing the task, what their needs are and what their current process is. From there you can focus on one or two Sponsor Users going forward. This is a dedicated user that you will repeatedly test through the product lifecycle. Skype calls, and screen sharing works well if the user cannot come in for testing.

What I love about these techniques is that anyone can do it. With some guidelines and practice, you can get the information you need.

UX And UI Designers Product Design Sprint

Let’s take the average two-week development Sprint. It works fine when your backlog is groomed, you have fleshed out your acceptance criteria, your designs are ready, and everyone knows what he or she is taking into the sprint. Now we can go and deliver our 20 points for the sprint. Totes!

Until the UX (User experience designer) or UI (User Interface designer) walks in and wants to make changes.

This usually happens because:

  • The designer's sprint was not planned for, given enough of a run-up or in some cases, not even thought of. Sigh! Unfortunately, this tends to happen quite often.
  • Designers are researching, designing and testing the same features that you are busy building in the same sprint. (Oh, my shattered nerves!)
  • The designs have not been followed, and we end up shouting at you in UAT. Grin. Don’t hate me, let’s talk about it!

Let’s now look at the human-centred design process and its stages. We can then move on to how (in a perfect world) this should work in an Agile environment.

Human-Centred UX Design Explained:

1. Empathy

This is where your initial research comes in. Who are your users? What are their needs and pain points? In what environment will they be using the product? How will they feel? In this stage, we find out as much as we can about the user. The more we know, the more we can place ourselves in their mindsets and design something that speaks to their wants and needs. This increases with every interview and as you delve deeper into the project.

2. Define

Now that you have heard from your users, you can define the problem that your software needs to help solve for them. You specify the issues that they are facing and how you can help alleviate these. This becomes your focus and barometer in your design of that feature or product.

3. Ideate

Oh, my! Here comes the fun part. Time to get stuck in and start problem-solving! We use the information we have, usability guidelines and process to come up with a few variations to solve our defined problem.

4. Prototype

Now that we have solved the world’s problems, it’s time to take our rough designs and rapidly prototype them. This is not coded and should take little time. What you want here is something that you won’t feel precious about, it must get your message across but not have you fretting over colours choices or button shapes. You can even draw your screen designs on paper and prototype with these.

5. Test

This is where the value comes in. Put the prototype in front of people and watch all your assumptions and knowledge of your field go up in flames. #kiddingnotkidding. You think that you have the perfect solution, but users will surprise you every time. EVERY. TIME.

Once you have completed these five steps, you collate the results, find the problems with your designs and start the cycle from step 3-5 over again. Yay!

Onto the UX and UI Agile Development Cycle:

Agile Workflow explained:

  • Design: UX/UI Design and design of development architecture
  • Build: Feature is coded
  • Testing: Code is reviewed and sent into a QA environment for testing. The feature is then tested in UAT and signed off by the Product Owner and the client. It is always a good idea for the designers to have a view of the interface before UAT so that any small changes can be fixed before the client sees it.
  • Release: Feature is deployed to a production environment. Once the feature is in the user’s hands, feedback is gathered to track the success of the release and then any feedback is brought back into the design process and the cycle starts again.

Nirvana - Where UX And UI Design And Development Meet:

What I love about Agile is the ability for the team to find their groove and to discover what works best for them. After many tries and failures, this is the best way I have seen to merge the UX designers' work and development into a place where everyone is happy and trusting of each other’s skills and deliverables.

In “Nirvana”, designers have at least a two Sprint run-up to do their thing, learn about the users, define the main problems and test their assumptions and designs with said users. We have the room to feel confident in what we deliver to the development team is tested, thought about and ready to the best of our knowledge for human consumption. This approach also mitigates the mess of UX, UI and developers working on the same features at the same time. It makes me sweat thinking of the frustration this causes, never mind how this compromises the end product.

Now everyone has all the information needed to get on with his or her tasks and the freedom to complete the job to the best of his or her ability. (And to make magic!)

Admittedly we are not all working at tech companies like Google or Facebook where these processes are entrenched. We are all still finding our feet and trying our best and sometimes that means finding ways to hack the system.

The best outcomes come from developers and designers working closely, building trust and collaborating on development and design decisions.

Moral of the story: Let’s be friends :) You’ll see the results in the end product! Knowing 'What is UX design?' helps designers make products that people love to use, balancing usability and enjoyment.

Editor's Note: This post was originally published on 12 June 2018, and was updated on 5 March 2024

Published in UX Design
DVT 25 Years of Service